Mitosis: ✓ Anaphase ✓ Telophase ✓ Prophase ✓ Difference to Meiosis ✓ Definition ✓ StudySmarter Original!

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The cell is a complex marvel of nature. Not only do complicated metabolic processes take place in it, it is also capable of dividing. In this context, cell division is also important.

You can find out more about cell division in the article of the same name!

Before a cell can divide completely, it must cell nucleus divide. This process is also known as mitosis.

Mitosis, or nuclear division, is a fundamental process in biology that describes the division of the cell nucleus in eukaryotic cells. The result is two daughter nuclei whose genome is identical. Subsequent to mitosis, the entire cell usually divides into two genetically identical daughter cells.

Since two genetically identical daughter cells are formed from a mother cell during mitosis, Nuclear division is an important process for the growth and regeneration of the organism. Unlike meiosis, it does not contribute to genetic diversity, since the daughter cells are genetically identical.

Mitosis – 4 Phases

You can divide mitosis into four phases:

  1. Prophase
  2. Metaphase
  3. Anaphase
  4. Telophase

But mitosis does not stop for yourself alone. It is integrated into the so-called cell cycle and is referred to there as the M-phase.

Figure 1: cell cycleSource: spekter .de

If you want to know more about the cell cycle, you can have a look at the StudySmarter article on this topic.

The prophase of mitosis

Mitosis begins with the Prophase. In this phase, the chromosomes contract so much (spiralization) that the sister chromatids become visible. The paired centrioles separate.

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The spindle apparatus forms between the centrioles. The individual spindle fibers that make up the apparatus consist of microtubules.

The process in plant cells is somewhat different. Since these do not have centrioles, the spindle apparatus is formed from the nuclear membrane.

The nucleus and the nuclear membrane then dissolve.

Figure 2: Prophase of mitosis Source: wikipedia.de

You can learn more about the Prophase in the relevant article on StudySmarter.

The metaphase of mitosis


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