At Translate Trade you will learn the most important vocabulary and phrases in French for your holiday: ✓ Greetings ✓ In the restaurant ✓ Public transport ✓ and much more.
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The French are very proud of their language. So you should know at least a few words or phrases if you go to France. This shows that you appreciate the language and if you make a few mistakes in pronunciation, no one will take it amiss. It is important that if you don’t go on holiday in the capital but go to remote areas, then unfortunately fewer and fewer people speak German or English.
Basics and greetings
The French are known for their “kiss greetings”. If you don’t know each other yet, shake hands first. So that you have the right words ready, we have summarized the most important phrases and greetings for you:
Good evening Good Night
Bonsoir / nuit
S’il vous plaît
Excusez moi! / Sorry!
I do not speak French.
Je ne parle pas français.
Do you speak German?
Parlez vous anglais?
Weekdays & Numbers
The days of the week and the most important numbers should be included in the basic vocabulary in order to be prepared for possible appointments.
Small talk and getting to know each other
Never be too casual on first contact. The French appreciate good manners and serious distance. For the first small talk we have the right phrases for you:
What is your name? / What’s your name?
Comment tu t’appelles? / Comment vous appelez-vous?
I am sarah. And you? / And you?
Je suis Sarah. Et toi? / Et vous?
Where do you come from? Where are you from?
Dou viens-tu? / Doù venez-vous?
I’m from Munich.
Je viens de Munich.
How are you? / How are you?
Ça va? / Comment allez vous?
Good, thanks. And even?
Ça va, thank you. Et toi? / Et vous?
I do not understand.
Je ne comprends pas.
À tout à l’heure!
In the restaurant
Even if you prefer to pay the bill separately, someone in the restaurant should pay the full amount. Feel free to split everything up afterwards, but otherwise you’ll have an eye-rolling waiter at your table. All other important vocabulary for a restaurant visit can be found here:
The Bill please!
La carte, s’il vous plaît!
Bring me ….!
Where are the restrooms?
Où sont les toilettes?
le petit dejeuner
le cafe au lait
Be careful in the bakery. While “meringue” sounds very French, it’s not. In France, the pastry is called “meringue”. So that you don’t make a faux pas, here are the most important vocabulary for purchasing:
How much is it?
I would like to…
Je voudrais …
In the hotel
Cosy country house or hotel – no matter what the case, we have the right vocabulary and phrases:
At the hotel
Do you have a room available?
Avez-vous une chambre de libre?
I have reserved.
How much is one night’s accommodation please?
Combien coûte une nuit, s’il vous plaît?
Where can I park my car?
Où puis-je garer ma voiture?
Does the room have …
Est-ce que la chambre a …
… a shower?
… and a shower?
… a toilet?
… the toilet?
… a bath?
… une salle be bain?
I would like to have …
Je voudrais …
… a room.
… and a room.
… A blanket.
… and a cover.
… a pillow.
… and oreiller.
… a towel.
… and a serviette de bain.
I would like to keep this in your safe.
Je voudrais garder cela dans votre coffre-fort.
Can you recommend a restaurant?
Do you recommend a restaurant?
For traffic and public transport
Although traffic rules in France are similar to those in Germany, most French people do not stop at zebra crossings.
Where is …?
Où est/sont …?
… the gas stations?
… les stations service?
… the repair shop?
… l’atelier de réparation?
… the parking garage?
… the parking envelope?
… the car park?
… the parking lot?
… the bench?
… the bank?
… the supermarket?
… le supermarché?
To the right
The traffic lights
le fire rouge
le rond point
How far is it?
Est-ce que c’est loin?
Please show me on the map?
Montrez-le moi sur la carte, s’il vous plait!
le transport en commun
In France, it can be very temperamental to admit in traffic. If the worst comes to the worst and you have an emergency on the roads of France, these vocabulary words will help you:
Partez, s’il vous plaît!
I’m calling the police!
Je vais appeler la police!
I have …
… lost my passport.
… perdu mon passeport.
… lost my car key.
… perdu ma clé de voiture.
I’ve been robbed.
Je me suis fais voler.
I had an accident.
J’ai eu un accident.
The radiator got too hot.
Le radiateur était trop chaud.
The battery is empty.
The battery is discharged.
The clutch is defective.
L’embrayage est en panne.
The brakes don’t work.
Les Freins ne fonctionnent pas.
I do not know why.
Je ne sais pas pourquoi.
I need …
J’ai besoin …
… a mechanic.
… d’un mecanicien.
… the police.
… de la police.
… a doctor.
… d’un médecin.
… a telephone.
… d’un téléphone.
… an ambulance.
… d’une ambulance.
… a dentist.
… d’un dentiste.
I am …
JE suis …
Here I am in pain.
Ici, il fait mal.
I think it’s broken.
Je pense qu’il est cassé.
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