At Translate Trade you will learn the most important vocabulary and phrases in French for your holiday: ✓ Greetings ✓ In the restaurant ✓ Public transport ✓ and much more.

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The French are very proud of their language. So you should know at least a few words or phrases if you go to France. This shows that you appreciate the language and if you make a few mistakes in pronunciation, no one will take it amiss. It is important that if you don’t go on holiday in the capital but go to remote areas, then unfortunately fewer and fewer people speak German or English.

Basics and greetings

The French are known for their “kiss greetings”. If you don’t know each other yet, shake hands first. So that you have the right words ready, we have summarized the most important phrases and greetings for you:

German
French

Good Morning!
bon jour!

Good day!
Bonne journée!

Good evening Good Night
Bonsoir / nuit

Goodbye!
AU Revoir!

Please
S’il vous plaît

Thanks
thank you

excuse
Excusez moi! / Sorry!

Yes
oui

no
non

today
aujourd’hui

morning
domain

I do not speak French.
Je ne parle pas français.

Do you speak German?
Parlez vous anglais?

Weekdays & Numbers

The days of the week and the most important numbers should be included in the basic vocabulary in order to be prepared for possible appointments.

German
French

Monday
lundi

Tuesday
mardy

Wednesday
thank you

Thursday
Jeudi

Friday
vendredi

Saturday
samedi

Sunday
dimanche

 

German
French

one
U.N

two
deux

three
three

four
quatre

five
cinq

six
six

seven
sept

eight
hey

nine
new

ten
dix

hundred
cent

thousand
mille

Small talk and getting to know each other

Never be too casual on first contact. The French appreciate good manners and serious distance. For the first small talk we have the right phrases for you:

German
French

What is your name? / What’s your name?
Comment tu t’appelles? / Comment vous appelez-vous?

I am sarah. And you? / And you?
Je suis Sarah. Et toi? / Et vous?

Where do you come from? Where are you from?
Dou viens-tu? / Doù venez-vous?

I’m from Munich.
Je viens de Munich.

How are you? / How are you?
Ça va? / Comment allez vous?

Good, thanks. And even?
Ça va, thank you. Et toi? / Et vous?

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I do not understand.
Je ne comprends pas.

See you!
À tout à l’heure!

In the restaurant

Even if you prefer to pay the bill separately, someone in the restaurant should pay the full amount. Feel free to split everything up afterwards, but otherwise you’ll have an eye-rolling waiter at your table. All other important vocabulary for a restaurant visit can be found here:

German
French

The Bill please!
La carte, s’il vous plaît!

Bring me ….!
Apportez-moi …!

Good Appetite
Bon Appetit

Where are the restrooms?
Où sont les toilettes?

breakfast
le petit dejeuner

Having lunch
le dejeuner

dinner
le dinner

meat
la viande

Fish
le poisson

vegetables
les legumes

salad
la salade

Beer
la beere

Wine
le vin

water
l’eau

milk coffee
le cafe au lait

When shopping

Be careful in the bakery. While “meringue” sounds very French, it’s not. In France, the pastry is called “meringue”. So that you don’t make a faux pas, here are the most important vocabulary for purchasing:

German
French

How much is it?
C’est combien?

I would like to…
Je voudrais …

Anything else?
Rien d’autre?

bakery
la boulangerie

Butcher’s shop
la boucherie

Supermarket
le supermarche

market
le marché

expensive
cher

inexpensive
bon maché

opened
ouvert

closed
ferme

In the hotel

Cosy country house or hotel – no matter what the case, we have the right vocabulary and phrases:

German
French

At the hotel
à l’hotel

Do you have a room available?
Avez-vous une chambre de libre?

I have reserved.
J’ai reserve.

How much is one night’s accommodation please?
Combien coûte une nuit, s’il vous plaît?

Where can I park my car?
Où puis-je garer ma voiture?

Does the room have …
Est-ce que la chambre a …

… a shower?
… and a shower?

… a toilet?
… the toilet?

… a bath?
… une salle be bain?

I would like to have …
Je voudrais …

… a room.
… and a room.

… A blanket.
… and a cover.

… a pillow.
… and oreiller.

… a towel.
… and a serviette de bain.

I would like to keep this in your safe.
Je voudrais garder cela dans votre coffre-fort.

Can you recommend a restaurant?
Do you recommend a restaurant?

For traffic and public transport

Although traffic rules in France are similar to those in Germany, most French people do not stop at zebra crossings.

German
French

directions
directions

Where is …?
Où est/sont …?

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… the gas stations?
… les stations service?

… the repair shop?
… l’atelier de réparation?

… the parking garage?
… the parking envelope?

… the car park?
… the parking lot?

… the bench?
… the bank?

… the supermarket?
… le supermarché?

Left
à gauche

To the right
à droite

Opposite to
Vis-a-vis

Straight
All right

The traffic lights
le fire rouge

The roundabout
le rond point

The crossroad
le carrefour

How far is it?
Est-ce que c’est loin?

Please show me on the map?
Montrez-le moi sur la carte, s’il vous plait!

Public transport
le transport en commun

The ferry
le ferry

The bus
le bus

The subway
le metro

The tramway
le tramway

The train
le train

The taxi
le taxi

The airport
l’aéroport

The station
la gare

The farewell
le depart

For emergencies

In France, it can be very temperamental to admit in traffic. If the worst comes to the worst and you have an emergency on the roads of France, these vocabulary words will help you:

German
French

Help!
Au secours!

Fire
le feu

Please leave!
Partez, s’il vous plaît!

I’m calling the police!
Je vais appeler la police!

It’s urgent!
It’s urgent!

I have …
Yea…

… lost my passport.
… perdu mon passeport.

… lost my car key.
… perdu ma clé de voiture.

I’ve been robbed.
Je me suis fais voler.

I had an accident.
J’ai eu un accident.

The radiator got too hot.
Le radiateur était trop chaud.

The battery is empty.
The battery is discharged.

The clutch is defective.
L’embrayage est en panne.

The brakes don’t work.
Les Freins ne fonctionnent pas.

I do not know why.
Je ne sais pas pourquoi.

I need …
J’ai besoin …

… Petrol.
… d’essence.

… a mechanic.
… d’un mecanicien.

… the police.
… de la police.

… a doctor.
… d’un médecin.

… a telephone.
… d’un téléphone.

… an ambulance.
… d’une ambulance.

… a dentist.
… d’un dentiste.

I am …
JE suis …

…diabetics.
… diabetic.

… asthmatics.
… asthmatic.

Here I am in pain.
Ici, il fait mal.

I think it’s broken.
Je pense qu’il est cassé.

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