Awnings ABC / Glossary – All terms relating to our awnings explained in a way that is easy to understand. Read the awning dictionary now and be smarter afterwards.
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Awnings ABC / Glossary
Buying awnings is not always easy. Especially not if you don’t know much about the various technical terms. We have created a small awning alphabet for you so that you can find out more:
Spacer: The spacer is a fastener for the awning so that you can keep a certain distance from the wall.
Drive: The drive is used to allow the awning to be rolled up or down. This can be done with a hand crank or electrically.
Armhole protection: The armhole protection prevents the awning from flapping up in the wind and is a special construction of the awning arm attachment. These armhole protections are the components of an awning that are subjected to the greatest loads.
Extendable valance: An extendable valance is ideal to avoid being dazzled when the sun is low in the sky. The extendable valance is a longer valance that is attached to the front of the awning and can be extended or retracted as required. It protects against the sun and can be individually adjusted in some cases.
Length: The length of the awning is given as the length. The drop is measured when the awning is extended – from the wall to the drop profile, at an angle of about 15 degrees.
Front profile: The front profile is practically the front end of the awning, to which an extendable valance can also be attached. The end of the awning fabric is attached to the drop profile and is thus transported to the front when the awning or folding arms are extended.
Fastening element: These components are used to fasten awnings or components. The fastening elements also include terminal boxes, stilts, consoles, etc.
Fixing brackets: Fixing brackets are the elements used to attach the awning to the wall. An awning with a support tube, for example, is hooked into this console, while the console of cassette awnings is connected to the cassette box.
Top profile: The top profile is the top end profile on an awning and thus also protects the retracted awning from the weather.
Rafter bracket: The rafter bracket and the rafter bracket are used to attach the awning to a rafter.
Die casting: Die casting is the process of precisely casting aluminum parts under high pressure in a special die casting mold. This process is characterized by the fact that the resistance to breakage, as well as the tensile strength, is higher than with parts that are drop-forged.
Eloxal: Eloxal is used to protect the aluminum surfaces from anodic oxidation.
Electric drive: The electric drive automatically retracts or extends the awning and is pushed into the roller tube. This is a so-called tubular motor (see tubular motor).
EN 13561: The European standard EN 13561 serves to ensure consumer safety. Since March 1st, 2006, awning manufacturers are no longer allowed to sell awnings without the CE mark. The essential components of this European standard EN 13561 also include the safety wind load (see wind resistance class) and the water load (see rain resistance class).
Energy saving: An awning can save a lot of energy. Especially in air-conditioned rooms, they can be protected from overheating if the awning is extended early. The cooling capacity of an air conditioner is also greatly reduced.
Drop arm: The drop arm is attached to the facade and performs a folding movement downwards. These drop arms make it possible to attach a fabric to the front profile, which can then be displayed.
drop-arm awning/facade awning: A drop-arm awning or facade awning is attached to the wall and thus the fabric attached to the front rail is displayed at an angle from the wall. This special awning is usually used to protect a room from light and is therefore attached directly above or in front of the window. The awnings are divided into drop-arm awnings, markisolettes and vertical awnings.
Free-standing awning: The free-standing awnings are very well suited for particularly large open spaces. They are usually used when it is not possible to attach the awning to the wall.
Radio remote control: The electric motor is driven by radio remote control and is recommended for retrofitting the engine.
Radio motor: The radio motor has an integrated radio receiver, which means that the drive can be easily operated using a hand-held transmitter. One advantage of the radio motor is that it requires very little installation work.
Guide rail: The guide rail is a component used to guide the fabric laterally. This is possible with a conservatory awning or a facade awning (in the direction of projection). These guide rails usually contain traction devices and gliders such as rollers or carriages.
Articulated arm: Articulated arms are multi-part awning arms and are among the most important components of the awning. You fold the joints together and the internal springs tighten the fabric.
Articulated arm awning: A Articulated arm awning consists of a support system, the fabric shaft onto which the fabric is wound, the front profile such as the drive and the articulated arms.< br/>
Divided Vario valance: The divided Vario valance (see Vario valance) is particularly popular for very wide awnings. Each of the two flounces can be individually extended or retracted to protect against the sun.
Drop forging: In a drop forging press, components for shaping the aluminum blanks are manufactured with high fracture resistance and tensile strength. This special process guarantees an extremely long service life for the components.
Gears: When it comes to gears, a distinction is made between bevel gears and worm gears. Both gears are driven manually, i.e. with a hand crank.
Sleeve awning / semi-cassette awning: Both variants are articulated arm awnings in which the rolled-up fabric is optimally protected from the weather. The technology, i.e. the articulated arms, are exposed.
Impregnation: The impregnation repels water, dirt, grease and oil and protects the cloth from environmental influences. The special finishing technique also inhibits the formation of algae or mold.
Cassette awning: With the Cassette awning there is extensive weather protection, as all awning parts are in an almost closed cassette.
Tilt-tilt technology: With the tilt-tilt technology, the awning can be infinitely adjusted in inclination and individually adapted to the position of the sun.
Toggle arm holder: The toggle joint arm holder ensures reliable and durable closing behavior. The articulated arms are stabilized by a high-impact brake.
Terminal box: The terminal box is the fastening element for the guide rail, which is usually used in conservatory awnings.
Wrinkles: Unfortunately, creases occur again and again during the manufacture of the cloth and cannot be avoided. They are usually visible against the light, but do not affect the service life or the function.
Console: With the consoles, a distinction is made between ceiling and wall consoles. These are the elements to be fixed to the roof or to the wall.
Bracket tube: see support tube
Coupling system: The coupling system is required if you want to connect several awnings to get a larger width. It is often possible for a common drive to extend and retract the awning.
Crank: You need a crank if you have an awning with a manual drive. You can use this hand crank to extend and retract the awning.
Awning fabric: The awning fabric is the covering that now has to meet high requirements. (see also impregnation and EN 13561)
Markisolette: A markisolette is a special version of a window awning. The fabric first runs vertically and drop arms can incline it up to an incline of around 140 degrees.
Angle of inclination: When installing the awning, the angle of inclination is set. If you want the awning to be adjustable after it has been installed, a stepless inclination adjustment can also be guaranteed.
Emergency crank: Every raw motor is also equipped with an emergency crank. If the engine goes on strike or there is a power failure, you always have an emergency concept for your awning and can close the awning manually using the emergency hand crank.
Open articulated arm awning: Open articulated arm awnings are exposed to wind and weather without protection and are therefore only intended for installation under eaves or balcony ceilings. However, a rain cover (see rain cover) is also available for these awnings.
Powder coating: As a rule, all aluminum components are powder-coated and are characterized by high color fastness and very high resistance. With powder coating, a colored powder is sprayed onto the surface. The powder is then practically “baked” with the surface by means of a thermal treatment in order to obtain a corrosion-protected surface.
Rain runoff: Depending on the inclination of an awning, rainwater can run off in a controlled manner. However, not all awnings are suitable for use in the rain. If the wet cloth is retracted because it is raining too hard, extend it as quickly as possible so that it dries to avoid mold stains.
Rain resistance: Not every awning is rainproof and it depends on the material of the fabric. Acrylic cloths are usually not water-repellent and can only be used in light rain. PVC cloths, on the other hand, are waterproof and can withstand continuous rain without damage.
Rain awning: You can also get rain awnings especially for rain. Normal awnings are only suitable for use in the rain to a very limited extent and can therefore also be damaged. The special rain awnings are not only made for use in the sun, but also for use in the rain and still have controlled water drainage.
Rain gutter: An integrated rain gutter is installed in the front profile so that the water can run off in a controlled manner.
Rain protection roof: A rain protection roof is particularly recommended if the awning is installed on an unprotected facade. When retracted, the articulated arms are protected from dirt and the weather by the rain protection roof.
Rain monitor / rain sensor: A rain monitor or rain sensor automatically retracts the awning when it rains.
Rain resistance class: According to the European standard EN 13561, the awnings are classified into different rain resistance classes. Class 0 is not suitable for use in the rain. Class 1, on the other hand, can withstand a rain volume of up to 17 litres/sqm and hour. Class 2 awnings can withstand up to 56 litres/sqm per hour. However, this
Unfortunately, the rain resistance class does not say anything about the possible formation of a water pocket.
Tubular motor: The tubular motor is a tubular electric motor that requires little effort to assemble. It is built into the roller tube to save a lot of space.
Slit cloth / slit cover: In the case of coupled systems, it is inevitable that slits will appear between the systems. The split cloth or split cover serves to close these gaps. This cover is installed on a spring shaft and rolled up or down at the same time as the awning.
Narrow awning: A narrow awning is ideal when there is little space. The articulated arms cross over each other, thus offering more stability and can also protect narrow terraces from the sun.
Side panel elongation: If the fabric is permanently tensioned by a spring system, it has to withstand heavy loads. The hems and seams act as a reinforcement and are of course heavily exposed to the wind. Since these forces demand a lot from the cloth, the material can stretch, which in turn can lead to sagging hems on the side.
Vertical awning: A vertical awning is usually unrolled vertically at a very small distance from the facade. The fabric is weighed down and guided in a guide rail or with tensioning ropes.
Sun monitor / sun sensor: The sun monitor or sun sensor can be programmed with the appropriate setting so that it automatically extends the awning when the sun is strong. This not only keeps rooms cool, but also reduces the cooling capacity of rooms that are cooled with air conditioning.
Spindle-dyed: When dyeing the cloth, the fibers are dyed during the spinning process and not only afterward.
Stelze: A stilt is a fastening element that is mainly used for conservatory awnings. This allows the awning to be attached at a greater distance from the glass surface, so that the ventilation window can be opened, for example.
Extruded aluminum: Aluminum can only be deformed under very high pressure. Extruded aluminum is mainly used for the boxes of cassette awnings.
Support tube: A support tube or bracket tube is a basic element of the folding arm awning. All load-bearing parts such as articulated arms, arm holders and mounting brackets are attached to this support tube. The awning is attached to the facade with the bracket or support tube and transfers the forces that occur. The larger the support tube, the greater the forces that can be transmitted.
Cloth: The cloth is the covering of the awning. There are towels in different colours, designs and materials.
Fabric guide tube: The fabric guide tube is a tube that is attached between the guide rails over the entire width. This allows the fabric to be deflected from, for example, a vertical position to another, extended direction (see also Markisolette)
Fabric shaft: The fabric is rolled up on the fabric shaft. The drive is also built into the roller tube.
Under glass awning: An under glass awning is attached under glass roofs and is particularly suitable for areas that are very sheltered from the wind.
UV protection: Awnings are also provided with UV protection and a fabric with UV 801 certification offers very good protection against dangerous UV rays. You can find the appropriate level of UV protection (40, 60 or 80) on the information on the awning fabric.
Variomatic: With the Variomatic, you can use a hand crank to adjust the awning’s infinitely variable angle of inclination. This gives you the option of adjusting the fabric to the sun and adjusting the awning according to the time of day and year.
Vario valance: With the vario valance you have the opportunity to use the privacy screen optimally. Of course, it is usually used to adjust the awning to the course of the sun, but it is also possible to use the Vario valance so that you have privacy from the neighboring properties.
Valance: Valances are not only decorative, they also serve to hide the technology on some awnings. They are attached to the front profile of the awning and are available in different designs. Companies are also happy to use them to advertise on them.
Water tightness: Not every awning is waterproof and it depends on the material. To measure water tightness, the height of a water column is given, which indicates the resistance to water penetration. An ordinary cloth has a water column of about 300 mm. A cloth with a coating can withstand a water column of up to 1000 mm. However, there are always leaks caused by the sewing of the cloth. However, if these seams are welded, the awning fabric is absolutely waterproof. Of course you can also use a PVC cloth, which is also waterproof.
Water pocket: If an awning is extended when it rains, there is a risk that a water pocket will form. This mainly happens when the slope of the awning is too low and the water cannot drain off. The higher the amount of water in the water bag, the higher the risk that the awning will be damaged.
Waves in the panel and seam area: During production, the fabric is folded twice in the seam area and sewn. This results in different winding diameters when rolling up. These waves can occur as a result of the articulated arm tension and the sagging of the profiles. It is noticeable again and again that acrylic fabrics in particular tend to wrinkle very strongly if they were previously used in the rain.
Wind load or wind resistance class: According to the European standard EN 13561, awnings are divided into different wind resistance classes. As a rule, awnings correspond to wind resistance class 2. However, you cannot necessarily rely on the wind resistance classes, since it also depends on the surface on which the awning was installed. The specified class can almost always be achieved only when installed on concrete. An awning can usually withstand a load of 70 N per square meter. This value corresponds to about wind force 5. However, you should not take the risk and retract the fabric at wind force 4 at the latest.
Wind monitor / wind sensor: When there is wind, the wind monitor or wind sensor detects when the awning needs to be retracted. Either a sensor or a wind wheel is used.
Conservatory awning: A Conservatory awning is used to shade conservatories or terraces that are in front of building facades. In principle, a conservatory awning is a fabric that is intended to shade an area and has a very high fabric tension.
Traction means: Traction means are usually chains, traction ropes or drawstrings. These are used along the guide rails to extend the fabric and are used, for example, in conservatory awnings.
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